Photo Aging, Future Time Perspective and Social Smoking


"The Centers of Disease Control (2007) estimates that 45 million adults in the United States smoke cigarettes.  Cigarette smoking continues to be the leading preventable cause of disease and death in the United States.  Although regular smoking has decreased in the last ten years, the amount of social and light smoking has increased by 20% the last ten years (CDC, 2007).  Social smokers, defined as those who smoke more in social situations than alone, comprise a great portion of the 18-24 year old set of smokers (Everett et al., 1999). Furthermore light smokers are more likely to be women than men (Lawrence, Fagan, Backinger, Gibson, & Hartman, 2007). Unfortunately, decreased rates of smoking do not eliminate the very serious consequences that smoking present--it is clear that no level of cigarette smoking, regular or social, is safe (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006)..."

Chapman University, University of Southern California